The Great Debate: Subject Line Length

Posted by Jen Ribble on

The optimal length for email subject lines has been hotly debated over the years, with wildly conflicting conclusions. We looked at emails received by over 2 million email subscribers from over 3,000 retail senders in February 2015, and found that:

  • Most subject lines were between 41 and 50 characters.
  • Subject lines 61 – 70 characters long had the highest read rate (17%).

Overall, our research indicates that there is actually no correlation between the length of a subject line and its read rate. When comparing the number of characters in a subject line to the read rate, the Pearson’s correlation* value was -.03, which shows us that there’s no relationship between the number of characters in a subject line and whether or not the email is opened.


Just because there’s no specific correlation between length and read rate doesn’t mean you can fully ignore how many characters are in your subject line. Different devices have different display capabilities, so it’s important to keep this in mind as you write your subject lines.

A typical desktop inbox displays about 60 characters of an email’s subject line, while mobile devices show just 25-30 characters. If your audience is primarily reading your emails on smartphones, place the offer or call to action at the beginning of the subject line where it’s more likely to be seen.

Being mindful, too, of how your subject lines may be truncated can also avoid embarrassing brand mistakes, like “license” being truncated to “lice.” Shorter subject lines may see higher performance for a mostly mobile audience, too. Look at your existing data for insights like this, or use subject line length as one of your next elements to test.

Looking for more subject line insights and advice? Download The Art & Science of Effective Subject Lines.

*  The Pearson’s correlation is the most common measure to determine if two sets of data have a relationship. The values for a Pearson correlation can range from -1 to 1, with 0 showing no correlation, a -1 showing a negative correlation, and a +1 showing a positive correlation.

Popular this Month

 Featured Image

Video in Email: Is It Right For Your Business? (Part 1)

Video in email is nothing new. Marketers have been using some form of video...

Read More

 Featured Image

[New Research] Are These Hidden Metrics Harming Your Deliverability?

Reaching the inbox is not as simple as hitting send. Once a message is...

Read More

 Featured Image

What Job Is Your Subscriber Hiring Your Email To Do?

Over the last 16 years, I’ve worked as a product manager, run product...

Read More

Author Image

About Jen Ribble

With more than 15 years of marketing and PR experience, Jen Ribble is passionate about the art of storytelling and the science of creating high quality, data-driven content. In her current role as Director of Public Relations for Return Path, Jen is responsible for elevating the company’s reputation in the marketplace, crafting engaging thought leadership content, enhancing customer relationships, and driving inbound leads. In her spare time, Jen is an aspiring chef and food lover, a movie fan, and a travel junkie.

Author Archive

CTA Image

Stay up to date

Enter your name and email address below to subscribe to our mailing list.

Your browser is out of date.
For a better Return Path experience, click a link below to get the latest version.